Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS) has become the most typical breathing issues found in a premature infant. The main cause of RDS is a deficiency of surfactant. Surfactant is actually a substance that helps keep the lungs of the premature infant open to ensure that she or he can continue breathing. It can coat the air sacks within the lungs enabling the discharge of carbon dioxide and also the intake of oxygen to the lungs to then be assimilated into the blood. Surfactant is created by healthy mature lungs and a premature infant’s body is too premature to create this crucial thick fluid. Lungs mature extremely late in pregnancy and the earlier a infant is born the higher the issues that might arise.
RDS can trigger other respiratory issues, air leak, colds, sensitive lungs that become serious, lung scaring, chronic lung infections, brain bleeds, blood infections, damaged eyes, heart problems and asthma. When RDS is serious, several issues become long-term difficulties which a premature infant might face throughout her or his life. (more…)